History of Enoden (Enoshima Electric Railway)

The Enoshima Electric Railway began in September 1902, when the Enoshima Electric Railway started service between Fujisawa and Katase (now Enoshima) Station.
The line was successively extended and opened to Komachi (later Kamakura Station) in November 1910.
The line distance is 10.0 km with 15 stations (the line is a single track), which is almost the present line.
In October 1911, Enoshima Electric Railway was acquired by Yokohama Electric and became Yokohama Electric Enoshima Electric Railway Department.

001-16 In May 1921, Yokohama Electric was acquired by Tokyo Dento, which also took over the operation of the line, but in July 1926, Enoshima Electric Railway Company (the present corporation) was established and took over Tokyo Dento’s main line. Thus, Enoden started in July 1928.
In October 1938, like Odakyu Electric Railway, it was integrated into Tokyo Yokohama Electric Railway (now Tokyu Electric Railway) under the Land Transport Business Adjustment Act during the war.
In March 1949, Komachi Station was relocated to the premises of Kamakura Station of the Japan National Railways and began service to Kamakura.
Around 1965, the Enoshima Electric Railway Line was closed down due to a decline in the number of users caused by motorization, as was the case with the Tamaden Line.
The last 300 type 305 formation
002-13 However, the Enoden train was noticed with the TV movie (NTV series) “I am a man” which became a hit at this time. The Enoden was the focus of attention together with Shichirigahama, the stage of “Our Morning”, etc., and the number of tourists increased, and the closing of the line was avoided.
In July 1980, the Type 1000 train received the Blue Ribbon Award from the Association of Friends of Railroading.
In September 1981, the company name was changed to Enoshima Electric Railway Co.
In the financial report for fiscal 1989, it was announced that the accumulated deficit of 350 million yen since 1975 had been eliminated. In October 2009, Enoshima Electric Railway concluded a sister company agreement with Keifuku Electric Railway.

 

What’s Enoden now?

006-5 It is famous for being used for shooting TV dramas and photogravure pictures because it is less than an hour away from Tokyo, and there are Shonan with a young and bright image and Kamakura, the ancient capital where there used to be a shogunate, and many sightseeing spots and famous scenic spots. The railway is also famous for being used for filming TV dramas and photogravure photos.
The railway line is full of attractions such as a brick tunnel (between Gokurakuji Station and Hase Station), a modern railway bridge (Kugenuma Station – Shonan Kaigan Koen Station Kugenuma Railway Bridge) and a sharp curve with a radius of 28m (in front of Ryukouji Temple), which has been in operation for one century since its opening.

 

Is Enoden a track line or a railway line?space800-6

Enoden has a combined track section between “Enoshima and Koshigoe” station as well as the Toden Arakawa Line.
003-15 At the time of opening, the line started as a route (streetcar) based on the Track Ordinance (later the Track Law). In 1944, during the war, it was changed to a regular railway under the Local Railway Law due to military policy.
Therefore, it is possible to operate cars exceeding 30m in length (4-car formation), which is regulated by the Track Operation Regulations. This is the only ordinary railway line in Japan that runs proudly in the middle of a paved general road.
Incidentally, the maximum speed of the track railway is 40 km/h. (Tokyu Setagaya Line and Toden Arakawa Line)

space800-6

004-6 005 008-12

space800-6

The Wonder of Enoshima Electric Railway Series 600space800-6

The 600 series was the car which took over the Deha80 series (87-90) from Tokyu Corporation in 1970.
It was renumbered when the Tamagawa line was abolished, but when it was transferred to the Setagaya line, it was the one that the coupling two people remodeling was not carried out.
After it was transferred to Enoden, the gauge was changed (1,372mm -> 1,067mm) and the single-drive conversion was carried out, and operation was started.
It was replaced by Enoden’s 100 series after that, and retired in 1990.
007s-18 The 601 of the 601-602 train was preserved at Miyazaka Kumin Center by Miyanosaka Station of Tokyu Setagaya Line in Setagaya Ward, Tokyo. The paint has been changed back to Tokyu Light Green, and the Enoden car number and company name (EER) remain.

Local Information
The site is at Sangenjaya Station on the Tokyu Denentoshi Line, Gotokuji Station on the Odakyu Line → Yamashita Station, or Shimotakaido Station on the Keio Line, then take the Tokyu Setagaya Line to Miyanosaka Station.
The tour is free of charge and you can enter the car, but the equipment has been removed.

space800-6Sukhavati (Amitabha’s Pure Land)space800-6

009s-37 010s-42 Gokuraku-do (the tunnel entrance) was designated as an important landscape architectural feature of Kamakura City on November 24, 2010 according to the cityscape ordinance of Kamakura City.
The Gokuraku-do Cave, located between Gokurakuji and Hase Stations, was designated because it is extremely rare in Japan as an electric railway tunnel that still retains its original form from the time of its construction.

space800-6Diorama of Enoshima Station Platform 1space800-6

011s-41 A 1/150 size (N gauge) model train layout (diorama) is open to the public in the exhibition room of Enoshima Station, platform 1 (Fujisawa-bound platform). This diorama is operated by Mr. Tomohiro Nitta (16 years old at that time), who had a dream of becoming an Enoden driver but died of an incurable disease. Please be a passenger when you visit Enoshima Station.

space800-6Runaway derailment of Enoden train in Fujisawa Station [ June 6, 1979].space800-6

At Fujisawa Station, two cars of an in-train train exceeded the designated stopping position, climbed over the gravel stop sign, and collided with the stop sign and the end-of-track facilities, causing more than 70 passengers and crew to be injured, but fortunately no one was killed.
The accident caused the derailment of the lead bogie of one of the lead cars (Deha 301). At the time, the train had to stop at the designated stopping position while slowing down because it was the last stop at this station, but according to the driver’s statement, he heard a “clunk” sound and the brakes failed. The train was derailing at the end of the line at the time, so the train had to be slowed down and stopped at the designated stopping point, but according to the driver’s statement, “I heard a cracking sound and the brakes stopped working.
At that time, Enoden did not have security equipment such as ATS, etc., and this accident was an opportunity to improve the security equipment, and since then, the security equipment has been improved more than enough for small and medium-sized local private railways. However, due to the complexity of the line and the terrain (Kamakura is surrounded by mountains), the train radio could not show 100% power and even today, centralized control systems such as CTC However, due to the complexity of the line and the terrain (Kamakura is surrounded by mountains), the train radio system could not be used to its fullest extent.
However, accidents have been prevented due to the installation of detailed ATS systems.